Foreign Direct Investments in countries

One interesting subject for research is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). In a nusthell this means investments made by a company based in one country, into one or more companies in another country. A more comprehensive and full description is available at Investopedia. There are many different sources out there if you need specific data on FDI. You can visit websites of national statistics bureaus or national banks and they usually offer up reports and data on the subject.

There are two sources that offer detailed data for many countries: Eurostat and OECD.Stats. The Eurostat website offers data for many EU countries and can be accessed free of charge. The part where FDI information is available on OECD.Stats requires a subscription by you or the organisation where you work!

On the Eurostat statistics website the FDI data can be found by navigating to the right place or doing a search. Navigate by clicking :
> Database by themes
> Economy and Finance
> Balance of Payments / International transactions (bop)
> European Union Direct Investments (bop_fdi).

The available data offers FDI breakdowns by main indicators, countries, partner countries & economic activity. See below for a screenshot.

When you choose a specific dataset you can further customize it with the options available: by time period, countries, etc. The data can be saved for a spreadsheet program like Excel:

The OECD.Stats website covers FDI data under the section-theme Globalisation. There are specific datasets on FDI flows (inward and outward): by  industry, by partner country, positions by industry, positions by partner country and BOP and IIP aggregates. When you have selected a dataset it is immediately presented on your screen. It is then possible to customize the dataset and then download the data for a spreadsheet program like Excel:

Both sources use raw data that was originally provided by the statistical bureaus of countries or central banks but has been adjusted afterwards to make the data comparable for the countries. The data from Eurostat comes directly from the National sources. The OECD.Stats data is provided by the OECD and IMF (who in turn probably have received the data from Eurostat or the national statistics sources). The information on the origin of the data is available at both websites.


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